Stem cells are found in a child’s cord blood, which are used in the treatment of numerous diseases. Stem cells are also used to replace other cells that are destroyed by severe diseases. There are two types of stem cells- One is Embryonic cells, which are found in embryos and helps in the formation of tissues; another type is the Adult stem cells, which are called as repair cells that help in repairing and regeneration of lost cells.
These days, there are many methods through, which stem cells are preserved and used for curing many diseases. There are many blood banks that help in stem cell banking in India. These banks help in preserving a child’s future like private stem cell banks and public stem cell banks.
Public stem cell banks preserve cord blood stem cells, which can also be used by any other person except family members if the bone marrow of the person matches with the child’s bone marrow. But in case of private cord blood banks only the family person can use the bone marrow if it matches.
Cord blood is collected during the delivery of a child, which contains viable stem cells. The collection process is conducted by the medical team and the cord blood is further sent for processing and for stem cell preservation. After reaching cord blood bank, the blood and placenta undergoes various processes, such as is the cord blood it is checked for the infections, stem cells are obtained from the cord blood and lastly cryo preservatives are added so that the stem cells remain viable. The process is done with the separation of red blood cells or by keeping the blood cells intact with specimen.
After the cord blood is derived from the child’s umbilical cord, the blood is tested for the presence of communicable diseases and accordingly preservatives are added. The process of stem cell preservation is done on a slow cooling process, so that the stem cells are intact. The preservation of stem cells helps the child to fight back any severe disease and it can also be used by other person for treating their disease but only if the bone marrow matches.
It has been surveyed that stem cells from umbilical cord can treat 80 severe diseases and it has been also used in over 25000 transplants worldwide. There are many stem cell banks all over the world, where you can preserve your child’s future as well as you can also help other family members in treating and curing severe diseases. Hence, it is important to preserve a child’s stem cells.